The Four Cardinal Virtues

Prelimary remarks

In the last lecture we looked at the intellectual virtues and the relation of the intellectual virtues and the moral virtues. To summarize what I said, the intellectual virtues are habits of a properly functioning intellect. The intellectual virtues are necessary as a foundation for the moral virtues, but are not sufficient in themselves. Knowledge by itself is not enough for morally good action, but it is a necessary precondition.